Welcome to Lean and the Work Environment


Description: It is difficult to develop production processes that at the same time are socially, healthy and economically viable in the long run. When achieved, such production processes can be called ‘sustainable’ - sustainable in the sense that products or services are competitive and socially accepted and employees are innovative and work in a healthy environment where they can continue also when they get of age. Although contested, the application of lean may open possibilities for the practical development of sustainable processes with a health working environment. Lean is widely applied in manufacturing industry and getting a growing importance in private and public services. Although the concept is well developed, the practical implementation is difficult for many organisations, and lean has a somewhat tainted reputation among international researcher and employees as a cause of increased stress and work intensity. However, it is a strong tool for getting insight into core activities and for subsequent process improvements. Implemented in the right way under the right conditions, lean may thereby function as tool for developing sustainable production processes.


Relevant Phd-study

Learning objectives:

  • Participants understand the concept of sustainable production processes
  • Participants understand the lean concept and the advantages and disadvantages of lean
  • Participants understand how lean can be used in the development of sustainable production processes
  • Students are able to relate lean and sustainable production processes to their own research projects

Teaching methods:

Combination of lectures, group discussions and Phd-study presentations

Criteria for assessment:

Full active participation in course
Relevant and qualified presentation of own research

Key literature:

Adler, P.S., Heckscher, C., & Prusak, L. 2011. Building a Collaborative Enterprise. Harvard Business Review, 89, (7-8) 94-101.

Conti, R., Angelis, J., Cooper, C., Faragher, B., & Gill, C. 2006. The effects of lean production on worker job stress. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 26, (9) 1013-1038.

Hasle, P. 2014. Lean production - an evaluation of the possibilities for an employee supportive lean practice. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 24, (1) 40-53.

Hasle, P., Bojesen, A., Jensen, P.L., & Bramming, P. 2012. Lean and the working environment – a review of the literature. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 32, (7) 829-849.

Holweg, M. 2007. The genealogy of lean production. Journal of Operations Management, 25, (2) 420-437.

Liker, J.K. 2004. The Toyota way - 14 management principles from the world's greatest manufacturer New York, McGraw Hill.

Neumann, W.P. & Dul, J. 2010. Human factors: spanning the gap between OM and HRM. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 30, (9) 923-950.

Pfeffer, J. 2010. Building Sustainable Organizations: The Human Factor. Academy of Management Perspectives, 24, (1) 34-45.

Morgen Witzel: From scientific management to management science. Chapter 9 (p. 177-197) in: A history of management thought. Routhledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London and New York, 2011.

Mumford, E . 2006. The story of socio-technical design: reflections on its successes, failures and potential. Information Systems Journal, 16, (4) 317-342.

Trist, E. 1981. The evolution of socio-technical systems – a conceptual framwork and an action research program. Occasional paper no. 2. Ontario Ministry of Labour, Ontario Quality of Working life Centre, Toronto. Accessed thorough: http://www.lmmiller.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/The-Evolution-of-Socio-Technical-Systems-Trist.pdf

Westgaard, R.H. & Winkel, J. 2011. Occupational musculoskeletal and mental health: Significance of rationalization and opportunities to create sustainable production systems - A systematic review. Applied Ergonomics, 42, (2) 261-296.

Womack, J.P. & Jones, D.T. 1996. Lean thinking New York, Simon & Schuster.

Organizer: Professor Peter Hasle & Associate Professor Anders Paarup Nielsen, CIP I samarbejde med NIVA (Nordic Institute for Advanced Training in Occupational Health)

Lecturers: Professor Peter Hasle and Associate Professor Anders Paarup Nielsen. More will probably be added.

ECTS: 3.5

Time: 3. - 6. April 2017


Zip code: 


Number of seats: 25

Deadline: 13. March 2017

Important information concerning PhD courses: We have over some time experienced problems with no-show for both project and general courses. It has now reached a point where we are forced to take action. Therefore, the Doctoral School has decided to introduce a no-show fee of DKK 5,000 for each course where the student does not show up. Cancellations are accepted no later than 2 weeks before start of the course. Registered illness is of course an acceptable reason for not showing up on those days. Furthermore, all courses open for registration approximately three months before start. This can hopefully also provide new students a chance to register for courses during the year. We look forward to your registrations.